Enzymes In Animal Feed

Enzymes play a major role in the complex biochemical reactions that take place during the digestion process of various living organisms. Recent developments in the feed enzyme technology have led to the widespread application of enzymes in the feed industry. The incorporation of enzymes in feed formulations enhances the digestibility of feed nutrients, thus ensuring improved bioavailability of these nutrients in the feed components. This helps in the overall improvement of the animal’s performance.

The Feed Ingredients usually include components like Non Starch Polysaccharides (NSP’s), arabinoxylans (wheat), β-glucans (barley and rye), lignin and cellulose. Enzymes like Xylanase, Cellulase, β-glucanase acts on these plant components and increases the digestibility of feed. Also enzymes like Protease, Amylase and Pectinase are included in feed formulations to breakdown specific substrates.

Another widely used enzyme in the feed industry is Phytase that acts on antinutritional factors like phytic acid and releases phosphorus and other micronutrients that helps in enhancing the immunity of the animal, and also aids in bone and flesh formation.

 
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